Countrymans Diary

US Hunting Guide.

 

Well if UK hunters, think we have a lot to contend with read this….

 

Your guide to Utah’s 2014 antlerless hunts

Are you interested in hunting an antlerless big game animal during the Utah 2014 season? Here’s the information you’ll need in order to apply for a permit.
Application dates
You can apply online for an antlerless permit from May 30–June 20, 2014. The pages linked below will provide all of the information and tools you need in order to apply.
Apply online———————————- May 30, 2014
Application deadline———————— June 20, 2014
Drawing results available—————- July 9, 2014
Remaining permits available———— July 17, 2014
Note: Drawing results are not final until the Division posts the results online or you receive an official notification email. To protect your privacy and to comply with changes in governmental records access laws, you’ll receive access to only your own drawing results. Besides the drawing results page, you can also obtain your drawing results by calling , at any time or contacting aDivision office during business hours.
What’s new this year?
New hunts: This year, there are new hunts for antlerless deer, elk and pronghorn.
New antlerless elk-control areas: Did you obtain a buck deer, bull elk or bison permit for an elk-control area? If so, you may be eligible to purchase an Antlerless elk Tag . This year, you can use an elk-control permit in two new areas: Ogden and Wasatch Mtns, West. Boundary changes: Some hunt boundaries have changed this year. Visit wildlife.utah.gov/maps to find a map and description of the area you want to hunt.
Emergency changes
: Effective May 15, 2014, the season dates for hunt #4073 — Ogden (antlerless elk) will be moved from August 16–September 12, 2014 to October 4–October 16, 2014. This hunt was proposed as an any legal weapon (rifle) hunt and was inadvertently listed in the 2014 Antlerless Application Guidebook with general season archery dates. This change will alleviate potential conflict between centerfire rifle hunting during an archery season.
Corrections
May 19, 2014: Incorrect weapon types listed for antlerless elk hunts 4058 and 4059: The weapon types listed for antlerless elk hunts 4058 and 4059 were incorrect. Hunt 4058 — Nine Mile, West Anthro— is an any legal weapon hunt. Hunt 4059 — Nine Mile, West Anthro— is a muzzleloader only hunt.
Other things to keep in mind
Big Game Field Regulations Guidebook: All big game field regulations—for both antlered and antlerless animals—are in the2014 Utah Big Game Field Regulations guidebook. Printed copies will be available from license agents and Division offices in early June.
Antlerless harvest reporting
Did you obtain a permit this year? If so, remember to complete your harvest report after your hunt has ended.
After you finish your hunt (whether or not you harvest an animal), visit Report your game harvest and click the appropriate button at the top of the page. Then, you can log in and complete your antlerless online harvest report.As soon as you submit your report—online or by phone—you will be automatically entered into a prize drawing. You don’t have to fill out a separate entry form.
To be entered into the prize drawing, you must submit your report by Feb. 21, 2015.
No cow moose permits available: Because of recent declines in Utah’s moose populations, there will not be any cow moose permits available this year. You may still apply for a cow moose bonus point.
Hunting license required: Before you can apply for a 2014  permit, bonus point or preference point, you must have a valid Utah hunting or combination license. You can purchase a license todayor when you apply for an antlerless permit.
Apply for permits online or by phone: If you plan to hunt  big game in Utah this year, you must apply for a permit online or by phone no later than June 20, 2014. There’s an 11 p.m. deadline for online applications and a 5 p.m. deadline for phone applications. Apply online, beginning May 30, or call any Division office.
Flexibility in using  elk permits: If you obtain two antlerless elk permits for the same area—but the permits are for different seasons—you may harvest both elk during the same season. And don’t forget that you can use your antlerless permit during your buck or bull season, as long as it’s for the same area.
Opportunity for youth: Twenty percent of the permits for antlerless deer, antlerless elk and doe pronghorn have been reserved forhunters who will be 17 or under by July 31, 2014.
Multiple elk permits: You may obtain two elk permits—provided one or both of the permits are antlerless—but you can only apply for or obtain one antlerless elk permit in the drawing.

Living with bears in Utah 
 

Bears often live in the same places we camp, hike and build our houses. This poses a safety concern for both humans and bears. If a bear obtains food from a home or campsite — even once — it may become aggressive in future attempts. This almost guarantees the bear will have to be destroyed. Fortunately, there are steps you can take to protect both you and the bear.

Camp and hike responsibly

Sloppy campers and hikers don’t just endanger themselves, but also future visitors. Bears have amazing memories; they will return to a site repeatedly if they ate there at some point in the past. When in bear country, you should:
Maintain a bear-safe campsite
Store food, drinks and scented items securely (in your vehicle, a bear-safe container or a tree — never in your tent)
Dispose of trash in bear-proof dumpsters, if available
Wipe down picnic tables
Burn food off stoves or grills
Pitch tents away from trails in the backcountry
Always sleep inside your tent
Never approach or feed a bear
Report bear sightings to your campground host
Take precautions while hiking
Stay alert at dawn and dusk, when bears are more active
Go with a group, if possible
Make noise as you travel through dense cover
Stay away from animal carcasses
Store food, trash and scented items (such as sunscreen) in airtight plastic bags
Keep kids in the center of the group

Protect your home and property

If a bear enters your yard, give it an obvious escape route — do not corner it. Black bears can quickly inflict thousands of dollars in property damage. You can reduce or eliminate visits from bears if you:
Dispose of trash carefully
Store trash in a secure location or bear-safe container
Put your trash out for pick-up in the morning, not the previous night
Clean your trash container regularly
Use deterrents
Put up electric fencing
Place bear unwelcome mats (wood planks with nails or screws protruding) in front of doors or windows
Install motion-activated lights or noisemakers
Get one or more dogs
Turn on garden hoses or sprinklers
Spray the bear with bear spray

If you encounter a bear

Stand your ground. Never back up, lie down or play dead. Stay calm and give the bear a chance to leave. Prepare to use your bear spray or another deterrent.
Don’t run away or climb a tree. Black bears are excellent climbers and can run up to 35 mph — you cannot outclimb or outrun them.
Know bear behavior. If a bear stands up, grunts, moans or makes other sounds, it’s not being aggressive. These are the ways a bear gets a better look or smell and expresses its interest.

If a bear attacks

Use bear spray. Then leave the area. Studies have shown bear spray to be 92 percent successful in deterring bear attacks.
Shoot to kill. If you use a firearm, never fire a warning shot — aim for the center of the bear and keep firing until it is dead. Notify the Division of Wildlife Resources immediately.
Always fight back. And never give up! People have successfully defended themselves with almost anything: rocks, sticks, backpacks, water bottles and even their hands and feet.

Living with Mt Lions in Utah

Information about living and recreating in areas where cougars live.

 
Cougar photo

What to do if you meet an aggressive cougar

Cougars are exciting animals to see in the wild and rarely cause problems for humans. Although unlikely to happen, you should know how to react if you encounter an aggressive cougar:
  • Do not run from a cougar. Running will provoke an instinctive prey response and the cougar may pursue you.
  • Make yourself look intimidating. Make eye contact with the cougar, which cougars consider a threat. Make yourself look big by opening your jacket, raising your arms and waving them. Speak loud and firm to the cougar.
  • If you have children, pick them up. Try to pick children up before they panic and run. When you are picking children up, keep eye contact with the cougar and try not to bend over too far or turn your back to the cougar.
  • If you are attacked, fight back! Protect your head and neck, as the neck is the target for the cougar. If the cougar thinks it is not likely to win its fight with you quickly, it will probably give up and leave.

Facts about cougars

 
  • The cougar, Felis concolor, is also known as the mountain lion, puma or panther.
  • The cougar is one of North America’s largest cats and is recognized by its tawny color and long tail.
  • Cougar kittens, or cubs, have blackish-brown spots on their body and dark rings on their tails that fade as they get older.
  • Cougars are solitary animals, making them a rare sight for humans. They usually hunt alone and at night, ambushing their prey from behind. Typically, cougars kill their prey with a bite to the lower neck.
  • After making a kill, a cougar often will take the carcass to the base of a tree and cover it with dirt, leaves or snow, saving it to eat later.
  • Cougars live all across Utah, from high in the Uinta Mountains to the dry southern Utah deserts.
  • Cougars’ main prey is deer, so cougars are often found close to deer.
  • Cougars live up to 12 years in the wild but have lived up to 25 years in captivity. In the wild they face death through accidents, disease and large predators (including humans).

Living in cougar country

If you live in cougar country, here are a few guidelines to make your property safer:
photo
Note the typical “M” shape on this cougar track. Also note that no claws show on the print. Felines walk with their claws retracted.
  • Do not feed wildlife. Feeding wildlife attracts animals to your yard that may be prey of cougars, thus attracting cougars to your yard.
  • Do not feed pets outside. Cougars will eat pet food, and the food could attract cougars to your yard. Keep pets indoors at night as well, as pets make easy prey for cougars.
  • Make your yard deer-proof. If your landscaping is attractive to deer, cougars will follow the deer and hang close to your property.
  • Dense vegetation makes great hiding places for cougars. Remove vegetation that could be a hiding place, making your yard less friendly for cougars.
  • Outdoor lighting and motion-sensitive lighting is a deterrent for the secretive cougar. Lights also make approaching cougars visible.
  • Secure livestock in a barn or shed at night. If that is impossible, a small, well-lit pen close to a structure is the next-best option.
  • Keep a close eye on your children when they are playing outside. Bring children in before dusk when cougars begin to hunt.

Playing in cougar country

If you recreate in cougar country, here are a few guidelines to make your experience safer:
  • Hike with other people and make noise. Cougars usually will not bother groups of people.
  • Keep a clean camp and store food and garbage in your vehicle or hang it between two trees where cougars (and bears) cannot reach it.
  • When hiking with small children, keep the children in the group or in sight ahead of the group. Remember, cougars ambush from behind, so keeping a child in front of the main group will lessen the possibility of attack.
  • Keep away from dead animals, especially deer or elk. This could be a kill that a cougar is guarding or will be returning to. A cougar will defend its food.
  • If hiking with pets, keep them close to the group. Roaming pets will be open to cougar attacks or could irritate a cougar that is trying to avoid the group.
    Peregrine falcon cam

    Salt Lake City’s peregrine falcons have returned

    See live video of Salt Lake City’s famous peregrine falcons.
     

     
    PEREGRINE FALCONS have used nesting locations in downtown Salt Lake City since 1984. This spring, like most, the falcons are using a nesting box located on the Joseph Smith Memorial Buildingat South Temple and Main Street. If you’re in downtown Salt Lake City, look up — if you’re lucky you might catch a glimpse of these amazing birds.
    May13, 2014 — The peregrine falcon pair is currently nesting in the box, and the female has laid four eggs. Eggs take about one month to incubate. We’re seeing a lot of the male falcon this year; he’s shown some serious dedication to those eggs. We expect the eggs to begin hatching May 16–18. After the eggs hatch, activity at the nest will center around feeding the chicks (called “eyases”).
    Eyases fledge (begin to leave the nest) about 39 days after hatching. The first several days after leaving the nest are precarious. As the fledglings learn to fly, they can collide with downtown buildings and crash land on the ground or, worse, in street traffic. This is a busy time as both volunteers from the public and Utah Division of Wildlife Resources employees scramble to keep an eye on the fledglings and rescue them when they run into trouble.
    JUNE 10, 2014 — We have three nestlings, and they’re growing fast! We expect fledging to begin around June 24. If you want to be on the rescue team, attend the upcoming field trip.
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    Peregrine identification tips

    Although the sexes are outwardly similar, there are a few differences. If you want to identify the adults more easily, here are a few tips.

    The male falcon (called a tiercel or tercel), is generally one-fourth to one-third smaller in size than the female (usually just referred to as a falcon). Tiercels are typically darker, have broader malars (the dark wedge below the eye) and rounded tips.
    The female falcon appears grayer, with narrow malars and pointy tips. The buff-colored area at the tip of her tail is wider than the male’s.

    Peregrine information

    Peregrine falcons (Falco peregrinus) do not build nests from grass or twigs. Usually, they create a scrape (a shallow depression in the substrate) on ledges, cliffs, or — in this case — a high, protected spot on a downtown Salt Lake City building. Once a nesting site is established, it may be reused year after year, although alternative sites have been utilized as well.
    Over the years, with the help of the Salt Lake City Peregrine Falcon Watchpost Team members, a surprisingly large number of birds have survived flight training and successfully learned to fly. From 1986 through 1990 and 1995, 11 of 14 young learned to fly and dispersed to the wild. From 2004 through 2009, 10 of 13 young successfully departed to wilder haunts. From 1991 through 1993, five of six young reached the flying stage and dispersed from a cliff nest site located just north of the downtown area.
    Peregrines are hunters extraordinaire that prey almost exclusively on birds caught in mid-air. Considered one of the world’s fastest animals, peregrines can reach speeds of up to 200 miles per hour during vertical dives. The pigeon population of downtown Salt Lake City provides ample food, but, through the years, dozens of other bird species have fallen prey to these magnificent flyers.
    The peregrine falcon was removed from the federal Endangered Species List in 1999. The Utah peregrine population is recovering statewide, and the species continues to enjoy protection under Utah State Code and the federal Migratory Bird Treaty Act.
    Two of the three North American subspecies can be seen in Utah. The continental form, subspecies anatum, is a Utah nester that can be seen year round. The tundra form, subspecies tundrius, is a migrant that can be seen during the spring and fall.

 

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